Possibly the best known church in Britain. Building of the current church, replacing an 11th century one, started in 1246 and by 1272 the chancel and four bays of the nave were complete. The west end was Norman, but the 14th century saw the towers encased. The late 14th and 15th centuries saw the nave extended west in much the same style as 100+ years earlier. The church is immensely tall for a British church being built in a French style, as are the polygonal eastern chapels. The Lady Chapel (Henry VII’s chapel) was added in 1503-1510. Since then there have been numerous restorations and reconstructions. Nicholas Hawksmoor rebuilt the west towers in 1735-45. During the 19th century work was done by George Gilbert Scott, John Loughborough Pearson, J Oldrid Scott and J.T. Micklethwaite. In the 20th W.R. Lethaby, Walter Tapper, Charles Peers, Stephen Dykes Bower, Peter Foster and Donald Buttress have carried out work. The Abbey is known for its Royal tombs, the medieval ones are in the Feretory, an area not open to general visitors due to wear and tear. The whole building is full of monuments of all periods. Much of the stained glass is post-war by Ninian Comper and Hugh Easton and in 2020 David Hockney.
St Peter, Westminster – Westminster Abbey
Architects & Places
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- Tyburn Convent Chapel (Shrine of the Sacred Heart and Tyburn Martyrs), Hyde Park Place, Bayswater Road, Bayswater (Roman Catholic)
- Kings Cross Church, 242 Pentonville Road, Kings Cross
- Chapel, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Holborn
- Oratory of St Philip Neri (Brompton Oratory), Brompton Road, Kensington (Roman Catholic)
- Christ Church, 18 Montpelier Place, Knightsbridge (German Lutheran Church)